BAC contains more than 4,000 enzymes! No other food or combination of foods contain so many naturally occurring and live enzymes. Some of these enzymes are critically important for health, such as superoxide dismutase (SOD). SOD is an iron-containing enzyme that supports important body-cell processes and also protects the cells from free radicals.
Fruits and vegetables contain just enough enzymes to support self-breakdown, like what occurs when an apple turns brown after falling from a tree. These enzymes are critical in order for them to be properly digested by the humans and animals that consume them. Without these naturally occuring enzymes, our digestive system would have to work much harder to break down food to obtain its nutrients. Often our food goes on being undigested due to a lack of enzymes.
Very few foods contain more enzymes than required for self-breakdown. Papaya is one exception with its large amount of papain enzyme. But as far as enzymes go, nothing comes close to certain microalgae, which contain inexplicably large amounts of enzymes.
Further to aiding with digestion, many enzymes found in food are stored, transformed and used by our body for other important life-sustaining functions.
The combination of microalgae in BAC boasts over 4,000 such life-sustaining enzymes including DNA, RNA, SOD, glycolipids and many more.
In BAC, spirulina is one such alga that contains as many as 2,000 enzymes. Among other important enzymes identified in spirulina are restriction enzymes. Restriction enzymes (endonucleases) work like scissors to cut the DNA of invading enemy microbes. Researchers in genetic engineering use restriction enzymes to cut DNA at precise locations. A unique restriction enzyme in spirulina called Spl-1 is not found in any other microbe, bacteria, fungi or algae. Japanese scientists extract Spl-1 from living spirulina and use it as a reagent for genetic research in laboratories and institutes.
A theory proposed to explain spirulina’s long life is the role of restriction enzymes. By cutting the DNA of invading enemy microbes, restriction enzymes may have been good weapons against microalgae’s ecological enemies for 3.5 billion years.
Spirulina in BAC contains numerous characteristic peripheral inclusions associated to thylakoids. Those are: cyanophycin granules, polyhedral bodies, polyglucan granules, lipid granules, and polyphosphate granules (Balloni, et al., 1980; Ciferri, 1983).
The cyanophycin granules, or reserve granules, are important due to their chemical nature and series of pigments. The polyhedral bodies or carboxysomes mainly contain the enzyme ribulose 1,5-diphosphate carboxylase that allows the fixation of CO2 in photosynthetic organisms and probably carry out a reserve function. The polyglucan granules or glycogen granules or a-granules are glucose polymers, small, circular and widely diffused in the interthylacoidal space. The lipid granules, b-granules or osmophile granules form the reservation deposit, constituted by poly-b-hydroxybutyrate (PHB), found only in prokaryotes. PHB acts as a carbon and energy reserve (Vincenzini, et al., 1990).
Many other enzymes present in BAC and their health benefits have not been identified or explained yet.