Pigments are colorful chemical compounds that reflect only certain wavelengths of visible light. This makes them appear “colorful”. Flowers, coral and even animal and human skin contain pigments which give them their colors. More important than their reflection of light is the ability of pigments to absorb certain wavelengths.
Because they interact with light to absorb only certain wavelengths, pigments are useful to plants and other autotrophs – organisms which make their own food using photosynthesis. In plants, algae and cyanobacteria (blue-green algae), pigments are the means by which the energy of sunlight is captured for photosynthesis. However, since each pigment reacts with only a narrow range of the spectrum, there is usually a need to produce several kinds of pigments, each of a different color, to capture more of the sun’s energy.
Heomatococcus Spirulina Pacifica Spirulina Platensis Dunaliella
The spectrum of colors in BAC’s algae offers energy and protection
There are three principle classes of pigments.
Chlorophyll is the most important chelate in nature. It is capable of channelling the energy of sunlight into chemical energy through the process of photosynthesis. Chlorophyll is a greenish pigment that contains a porphyrin ring. This is a stable ring-shaped molecule around which electrons are free to migrate. Because the electrons move freely, the ring has the potential to gain or lose electrons easily, and thus the potential to provide energized electrons to other molecules. This is the fundamental process by which chlorophyll “captures” the energy of sunlight.
Carotenoids are usually red, orange, or yellow pigments, and include the familiar compound carotene, which gives carrots their orange color. These compounds are composed of two small six-carbon rings connected by a “chain” of carbon atoms. As a result, they do not dissolve in water and must be attached to membranes within the cell. Carotenoids cannot transfer sunlight energy directly to the photosynthetic pathway, but must pass their absorbed energy to chlorophyll. For this reason, they are called accessory pigments. One very visible accessory pigment is fucoxanthin: the brown pigment that colors kelps and other brown algae as well as the diatoms.
Phycobilins are water-soluble pigments and are therefore found in the cytoplasm or in the stroma of the chloroplast. They occur only in cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) and rhodophyta (red algae).
Phycobilins in BAC
The picture above shows the two classes of phycobilins which may be extracted from these “algae”. The vial on the left contains the bluish pigment phycocyanin, which gives the cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) their name. The vial on the right contains the reddish pigment phycoerythrin, which gives the red algae their common name. BAC contain both blue-green algae and red algae to take advantage of the extraordinary benefits of their pigments.
Phycobilins are useful to the organisms that use them for soaking up light energy. Both phycocyanin and phycoerythrin fluoresce at a particular wavelength. That is, when they are exposed to strong light, they absorb the light energy, and release it by emitting light of a very narrow range of wavelengths. These pigments chemically bond to antibodies and as such, have been found to prevent tumorogenesis.
Pigments in BAC
BAC is a whole food. The selection of algae in BAC make up for an extraordinary offering of pigments and their resulting health benefits.
“The thousands of vitamins, minerals and phytochemicals in whole foods act synergistically together to create a more powerful effect than the sum of their parts, producing a result which cannot be recreated by supplements.”
– Jeff Prince, Vice President for Education at the American Institute for Cancer
The green algae of BAC are rich in phycobilins and are one of the greatest sources of chlorophyll that contain high levels of magnesium for photosynthesis and calcium spirulan, well-known for its antibacterial, anti-fungal and anti-inflammatory benefits.
BAC’s red algae, hoematococcus and dunaliella, contain high levels of nature’s special pigments: carotenoids and phycobilins. BAC contains astaxanthin, beta-carotene, alpha-carotene, lutein, lycopene, xeaxanthin, quercitin, b cryptoxanthin and many other pigments that offer a powerful immunity and toxin shield against continuous pollution, toxins and stress. Hoemattoccocus in BAC is the greatest source of astaxanthin on Earth. Astaxanthin is a red pigment clinically proven to have hundreds of times more antioxidative power than vitamin E and vitamin C, and dozens of times more than that of beta carotene.